Chinese CODAN intruding into the 40m band

Electromagnetic Compatibility, TVI, BCI, etc Interference Issues
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Chinese CODAN intruding into the 40m band

Post by VK3RX » Wed Mar 27, 2019 7:16 pm

Posted on the Radio Reference forum by KA3JJZ:
From Ary Boender in the UDXF- the list of logs is too long to post here, but here's the test. Any transcription errors are mine...

Since mid 2016 I logged CODAN selcalls on 7, 8, 11 and 13 MHz. Until a week ago I didn't know who they are. Australian State Emergency Services was suggested but there are too many stations and they are also transmitting 24/7. That doesn't fit the SES activities. Besides that SES and affiliated service do not use these frequencies. So, if it isn't the SES, what is it???

It appears to be a HF Vehicle Tracking System. The syatem is used by companies in various countries, but the specific traffic that I heard all come from one place: the Spratley Islands in the South China Sea. China is building artificial islands in the Fiery Cross Reef. The Chinese started their activities in 2015. The first transmissions from that area were noticed in early 2016. The tracking system uses CODAN equipment that sends selcalls to base stations. The base stations use the received data to track the ships, barges and cars used for the building activities. Sometimes GPS data is mentioned in the CODAN messages, but so far I have no idea how to read it.

Voice traffic has been heard in Mandarin following CODAN calls. These are actual calls, not the tracking devices. They are answered by the reverted tones sent by the receiver's CODAN radio to acknowledge the receipt of the signal.

Base stations IDs include: 1111, 2222, 3333, 4444, 5555, 6666, 7777, 8888, 1188, 6363, 6969, 7474, 7979, 9898, etc. Note the combinations: either XXXX or XXYY or XYXY. Easy to recognize. These IDs are in the "TO" field.

Frequencies in USB. The center frequency is 1785Hz higher.

7103, 7106, 7109, 7112, 7121, 7124, 7127, 7130, 7133, 7139, 7142, 7145, 7148, 7157, 7160, 7918, 7921, 7933, 7936, 7938, 8003, 8006, 8009, 8012, 8015, 8021, 8024, 8027, 8030, 8033, 8041, 8066, 8072, 8075, 8078, 8596, 9047, 9090, 11149, 11159, 11163, 11168, 13431, 13452 kHz and maybe more.

The Chinese are intruding the 7MHz HAM bands with this service.

Examples of GPS data:
ESN 117117
ESN 117255
Damien VK3RX

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Re: Chinese CODAN intruding into the 40m band

Post by VK2AOH » Sat Mar 30, 2019 6:32 pm

Amazed the Chinese military are using Australian Codan equipment for this purpose. Would have thought there is plenty of Chinese made equipment they could use.

As an aside, noticed a while back on QRZ a Chinese ham putting up posts about using Codan radios for his ham radio activities.

Seems Codan is popular in China in more ways than one.

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Re: Chinese CODAN intruding into the 40m band

Post by VK2AOH » Sun Mar 31, 2019 8:13 am

Last night happened to arise just before 1.00am and spent some time tuning around 40M and yep, there they are. Tabulated are the frequencies I heard Codan telemetry tones on.

1358UTC USB in KHz

7106, 7108, 7112, 7121, 7124, 7130,7139, 7142, 7144, 7157, 7160, 7194.

As well heard a swarm of AM S/W broadcasters mostly Chinese

7210, 7220, 7225, 7230, 7235, 7240, 7245, 7245, 7255, 7264, 7270, 7275, 7285, 7290.

Seems everybody wants to use 40M including Indonesian pirates whom turn 40 into a chanting cesspool. And don't forget the radar from time to time.

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Re: Chinese CODAN intruding into the 40m band

Post by VK2AOH » Sun Mar 31, 2019 8:19 am

Bet the Yanks are listening in with interest.

Wish I knew how to decode the Codan tones and more so decode the GPS data they are sending.

Would be a good exercise.

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Re: Chinese CODAN intruding into the 40m band

Post by VK3RX » Sun Mar 31, 2019 3:36 pm

There was another post on the UDXF re that aspect:
No way to get positions, imo the coordinates are secured (after command 121 [to announces the GPS data] there is a 110 command, which probably means 'secured').
Interesting that a Google search turned up this:

https://www.smh.com.au/business/codan-f ... hx36t.html
Damien VK3RX

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